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History of China

 

history of China

China, as one of the areas where civilization developed earliest, has a recorded history of nearly 5,000 years. Such long history can not be described all, but can be divided into several period.

In the Ancient Age, more than a million years ago, primitive human beings lived on the land now called China. About 400,000 to 500,000 years ago, the Peking Man, a primitive man that lived in Zhoukoudian, southwest of Beijing, was able to walk with the body erect, to make and use simple tools, and use fire. Six to seven thousand years ago, the people living in the Yellow River valley supported themselves primarily with agriculture, while also raising livestock. More than 3,000 years ago these people began smelting bronze and using ironware.

In the period of Chinese slave society that began around the 21st century B.C., the agriculture and animal husbandry developed greatly and the skills of silkworm-raising, raw-silk reeling and silk-weaving spread widely. Bronze smelting and casting skills reached a relatively high level, and iron smelting became increasingly sophisticated. The Chinese culture flourished, as a great number of thinkers and philosophers emerged, and the most famous at that time was Confucius.

Chinese feudal society began with Qin Dynasty, which was established by Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor in 221 B.C. He established a centralized, unified, multi-national feudal state. This period of feudal society continued until after the Opium War in 1840. During these 2,000 years, China's economy and culture continued to develop, bequeathing a rich heritage of science and technology, literature and the arts. The four great inventions of ancient China - paper-making, printing, the compass and gunpowder - have proved an enormous contribution to world civilization.

history of ChinaIn the period of Tang Dynasty (618-907, Chinese civilization peaked. At that time, Tang people traded with people all over the world. This is why Chinese residing overseas often call themselves Tang Ren, or the People of Tang.

In 1840, anxious to continue its opium trade in China, Britain started the Opium War against China. After the war, the big foreign powers forcibly occupied "concessions" and divided China into "spheres of influence"; thus, China was transformed into a semi-colonial, semi-feudal society.

In 1911, the bourgeois democratic revolution (the Xinhai Revolution) led by Sun Yat-sen abolished the feudal monarchy, and established the Republic of China, therefore starting the modern history of China.

In 1949, Chinese Communist Party established the People's Republic of China, driving Kumingtang Party to Taiwan Island.

In 1978, China adopted the Open Door policy, ending the 5000 thousand's history of self seclusion.

And now, China has changed a lot and come into a new era. China has become stronger and stronger and all aspects of society have come to a higher step. China has been drawing a new picture of bright history.

 

China History Tours

Essence China with Yangtze River Cruise   Essence China with Yangtze River Cruise
Duration: 11 days Available: daily
Visiting: Beijing, Xian, Chongqing, Yangtze River Cruise, Yichang,Shanghai
You will touch the essence of China in the tour. Included a deluxe river cruising experience on the Yangtze river famed for spectacular natural sceneries and abundant historic and cultural relics, as well as the man-made marvel Three Gorges Dam, this journey will be truly valuable and memorable...

China yangtze river tours details...

China Golden Triangle Tour   China Golden Triangle Tour
Duration: 7 days Available: daily
Visiting:Shanghai, Xian, Beijing
The well paced tour takes in China's three must-see cities for any first-time visitor. Walk on the spectacular Great Wall of China, marvel at the extravagant Forbidden City, admire the grandiose Terra Cotta Army, immerse yourself in the modernity of Shanghai's new Pudong district ... this trip has it all.

China Golden Triangle Tour details...

 
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